Kamëntšá nation is the point of departure of this discussion, as a space to practice jtsenojuabnayá, “to exist pondering” (or doing research) of their own world. This notion ims to reflect upon the anthropological work on the side of those working in it. In this case, ontological digging goes beyond a mere representation and interaction with research problem. Therefore, it involves analysing the relation of space and time to episteme and praxis of those living their “own culture” or cosmos. Thus, there is an intellectual collective and individual assessment of indigenous peoples, which is now helping to ask significant questions around the debates aiming to draw conclusions on the relevance of their knowledge.

Keywords: Self thinking, Western thinking, research, Kamëntšá nation, anthropologic work, indigenous intellectuality.