This paper groups together several reflections and analytical perspectives as a result of my PhD research, inquiring on the articulations between identity, economics and politics. Based on an ethnographic case study —the Huarpes— and the selection of a specific regional context — Mendoza province—, this work is an effort to inquire and analyze the political formulations inherent to the current government regime, by critically reviewing its assumptions and analysing its effects on indigenous organization forms. Within contemporary government’s lexicon, indigenous life —which is defined as a “pure life”—only comes into human world when it is inscribed in a prescriptive order —in this case, the “system of indigenous communities”—, which seeks to provide it an ordered, uniform and stable form from an economic rationale.

Key words: Indigenous population, identity, modern politics, impolitics.