Javier García Fernández
Universidad de Coimbra2, Portugal


The coloniality of power is a structural feature or modernity itself, not only in its colonial expansion through the ill-named “discovery”, but also in the ill-named “reconquest”. Conquest processes through which the Crown of Castille occuppied Al-Andalus’ lands and its four kingdoms (Seville, Córdoba, Granada and Jaen), within the period of 1212-1492, resulted in the emergence of what we are arguing to be an internal structural colonialism in contemporary Andalusian formation and the idea of Spain itself. Internal structural coloniality has the estate owner way of land exploitation as a main expression in Andalusia, which engendered an earlier capitalism model, where land was allocated by the right of conquest and became a commodity susceptible to being sold and purchased, which in turn made up the first modern colonial world/system. All of this shows clearly the deep and closely-kint relationship between modernity, internal structural coloniality, latifundium and capitalism in the formation of the modern colonial world/system.

Keywords: modernity, 1492, conquest of Al-Andalus, latifundia land explotation mode, modern colonial world/system, historical capitalism, internal structural coloniality.