Orcid ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0410-6588
Université Savoie Mont Blanc , Francia
Silvina Cecilia Carrizo
Orcid ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9112-1232
Universidad Nacional del Noroeste de la Provincia de Buenos Aires / Conicet, Argentina
Orcid ID: orcid.org/0000-0003-4771-8012
Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires / Conicet, Argentina
From the 19th century on, the exploration of Patagonian territories has made it possible to move forward in pioneering fronts to exploit natural resources. Throughout the 20th century, in those peripheral spaces, the national state has been building a power frontier to integrate to the country. Industrializing natural gas and oil has favored the specialization and internationalization of Neuquen’s basin. Transnational corporations have been participating from the beginning of hydrocarbon mining, and non-conventional hydrocarbon extracting, in association with State-owned YPF (Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales), who has led their exploration and production. Those new dynamics in Patagonian spaces lead (re)territorialization processes. The speed and extent of changes, and the uncertainty in international power markets open a question mark about how to build welfare for affected populations and territories, face to the new Patagonian horizon.
Keywords: non-conventional energies, territorialization, Neuquén, Argentina.