Eva Lamborghini
Orcid ID: orcid.org/0000-0001-6721-8408
Instituto Ravignani-Conicet/UBA-Flacso, Argentina

Lea Geler
Orcid ID: orcid.org/0000-0001-6619-0001
Instituto Ravignani-Conicet/UBA, Argentina

Florencia Guzmán
Orcid ID: orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-148X
Instituto Ravignani-Conicet/UBA, Argentina


In Argentina, the narratives of whiteness and Europeanness, along with the discourse of Afro-Argentinean “disappearance” helped institute a myth of origin of the nation, whose effects remain. In the last few decades, however, the renewal and consolidation of an interdisciplinary field of studies and reflection on Afro-descendence has been fed by and helped to “revisibilizing” and (re)acknowledge a population group previously invisibilized and marginalized. In this paper, we will review the advances and challenges of the studies on African descent in Argentina, distinguishing several challenging fields and highlighting contributions, debates, and gaps. We will examine a new angle of the studies of racialized categories during the Colony and the Republican era, in the first place, and during the consolidation of modern State up to the present time, next. Finally, we will account for approaches on political movements, migrations and performative resignifications. This overview challenges the supposedly “novel” place of this field of studies and its particularities in a country typically considered as “raceless”.

Keywords: afrodescendant studies, Argentina, racialized categories, afro performances.